There are a few different types of plants for topiary that are most commonly used and that includes shrubs, hedges, vines and even herb bushes. The plant you choose will determine the density of your topiary and the overall look.
Shrubs can be trained into topiaries if they have thick, dense foliage and small leaves and that includes plants such as the boxwood, holly, laurel, and privet. If you are looking for something that will stay fairly small and compact without too much trimming then Boxwood is among the most popular, whereas Laurel and privet have larger leaves and are great for larger-scale topiaries.
If you are being adventurous with your topiary skills, then hedges are ideal if you need are going for statuesque or geometrical shapes because of their density. Obelisks, pyramids, cylinders, spirals, and cones are all easy shapes and designs to accomplish with taller shrubs with dense leaf or needle structures and yew, hollies, and Alberta spruce are great recommendations for taller formation topiaries, with the yew being ideal owing to its naturally cylindrical shape. The hollies are very pliable and can be trimmed into almost any shape, whilst the Alberta spruce is great for creating spiral formations.
Topiary Herb Bushes
Herbs, surprisingly enough, can be used in small topiary designs and are ideal as gifts for others. Not only do these topiary plants smell fragrant, but they also tend to look more delicate and pretty. Herbs that are small and dense are particularly desirable – we love Rosemary, Thyme and Lavender, all of which have little flowers and a lovely pungent aroma.
Vines are incredibly flexible when used in topiary and can be used in almost any designs simple and complex. By using a frame, or in fact any shape of object you can achieve the kind of shapes that you want to achieve with vines. They will fix themselves on to almost any surface. It’s best not to choose the more invasive form of ivy instead go for the non-invasive such as the Lady Frances, Duckfoot or Gold Child.
Topiarists, whether they are professional or enthusiasts, have the incredible capability to create endless forms, shapes, designs, geometric forms, and animal figures, to just about anything they can think of. The designs and creations that can be clipped and trained using plants, trees, and hedges are endless.